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Commonalities and Division - presented by Christopher Clark (Episode 5)

Europe has been a battle concept for centuries: it often takes foreign enemies to weld the Europeans together. But for centuries, they are primarily fighting against themselves. It was not until the Enlightenment and the French Revolution of 1789 that a new idea of Europe emerged based on common values: freedom, equality and fraternalism. But before these ideas prevail, exaggerated nationalism drives Europeans into two devastating world wars.