Was there a "Civilisation X"? Was it wiped out by the Flood? Was Noah the only one to manage to survive the Deluge in his famous Ark? Since scientists from a number of European universities, with backing from the EU, joined forces in the "Assemblage" project to realise a wide-scale research project into the geological, biological and chemical analysis of the Black Sea, a new discussion about the civilisation of the Near Eastern region has been touched off. The Bible, whose child-like description of the Creation of man and the world, of the life of the descendents of Adam and Eve, produces at best a condescending smile, suddenly and unexpectedly once again becomes an object of scientific interest.